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Complications Caused by Dental Extractions

Dental extractions can cause a variety of dental problems.

A dental extraction, or having a tooth pulled, is one of the most frequently requested services by people who come to a dental office in pain. Although a root canal is often a more preferable option to relieve pain from an infected tooth, in some cases a dental extraction is the best or only choice available. Even though most dental extractions proceed without any complications, some can occur. The most likely problems include pain, bleeding, infection, swelling, broken root tips, and bone chips and fragments.

Most people who have had a tooth extracted know that a certain degree of pain and bleeding is normal. Pain that is gradually improving only after a week or so and bleeding up to 12-24 hours, but is considered typical and will most likely not require follow-up care. Mouth pain that seems to be getting worse after two days should be considered abnormal and may require evaluation by the dentist. Pain that increases after a dental extraction might be due to a dry socket, usually treated by the dentist rinsing the socket with an antiseptic mouth rinse, packing the area with a medicated dressing and putting the patient on pain medication.

Another problem is bleeding that lasts for more than twenty four hours or is increasing several hours after the extraction. This may point to a serious problem that requires prompt attention from the dentist. Prolonged bleeding may occur if there is damage to a blood vessel or other tissue during an extraction, if a patient is taking certain medications or has a predisposing medical condition. Excessive bleeding can also be caused by a patient rinsing, spitting, or smoking after a dental extraction. To stop the bleeding, a dentist can pack and stitch the socket closed.

An infection and swelling are also potential complications from a dental extraction. An infection can be caused if debris or bacteria gets into the socket. Swelling is usually due to the trauma of having the tooth extracted, or can occur from a spreading infection. Swelling can be reduced by salt water rinses (after 24 hours) and an ice compress. Infections and swelling are usually treated by the dentist with rinsing the socket, antibiotics, and in some cases draining the infection surgically.

Broken root tips, bone chips and fragments are fairly common complications following a dental extraction. A small uninfected root tip can sometimes be left inside the jaw after a dental extraction if its removal might be too difficult or cause too much trauma for the patient. Often, root tips, bone chips and fragments will work their way out on their own, but may also need some help from the dentist to remove them completely. An infected root tip stuck in the jaw bone will require surgical removal. Problems with dental extractions are fairly common, but can be minimized and resolved by a dentist experienced in oral surgery.

If you need a dentist for a tooth extraction, call us at 1-866-970-0441. We'll put you in touch with a great dentist today!

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