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Home > Dental Treatments > Gum Disease Treatment > The Gum Graft Procedure
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The Gum Graft Procedure


Learn how grafting gum tissue could help seal out plaque and bacteria:

What Is Soft Tissue Augmentation?

Gum grafting restores receding gums.

The zone of gum tissue is the defense mechanism of your mouth. It is this tissue that maintains the seal of the gum to the tooth, preventing plaque from getting under the gum and destroying the underlying bone support. When this tissue is thin or completely absent, this defense mechanism is no longer effective.

Studies have shown that inadequate zones of gum tissue do not break down in a regular pattern. Usually, it stays stable for a non-specified period of time. Then, once it has been irritated by some factor, it breaks down and recedes significantly down the root.

The irritant that causes this recession may be a toothbrush, hard food, a tooth filling, dental braces, a dental crown, gum infection or other factors. Once this tissue has receded and the tooth looks longer, it is very difficult to place new gum tissue back to the original height.

A gum graft is performed in order to correct this problem, protect the underlying bone and prevent the gum tissue from receding even further. The goal is to create a new zone of defense, or gum tissue. The longer tooth, caused by recession, is extremely difficult to cover up again once it is exposed. There are, however, special circumstances and procedures where exposed roots can be covered.

The Procedure

Once the areas are numb, a small piece of gum tissue is gently taken from around the necks of the teeth on the palate. This area heals like a scraped elbow and grows back, leaving sufficient gum tissue there. The piece of gum tissue taken from the palate is used to replace the weakened tissue of the tooth being grafted. The gum graft is placed over the root, at the level of the old receded gum tissue and held on by either resorbable stitches or special biological glue. This area will heal with a thicker, denser gum tissue which will protect the underlying jaw bone. A dressing is placed on the palate and the grafted area and will remain for a period of one to two weeks.

If you're interested in getting a gum graft, call us at 1-866-970-0441. We'll put you in touch with a great dentist today!

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